Goddess Frigga (Freyja)
This page contains my research notes dedicated to the All-Mother (Frigga), also know as Odin’s wife, and queen to the Æsir gods. The following notes are for my own personal reference but are free to those who are interested in learning about the Norse gods and goddesses. The information on this page is collected from multiple reference sources. Some practitioners of the Asatru faith may disagree with some or all of the following, but this is what I personally believe Frigga is in a nutshell.
I will refer to the All-Mother and Odin’s wife by the name Frigga in these notes.
Frigga is the main goddess in the Norse pantheon and is the wife of Odin (also known as the All-Father). Many practitioners of the Asatru faith separate Frigga and the goddess Freyja into different entities. Per old Norse specialist Jackson Crawford, his studies and research, in the old Norse language poems Frigga and Freyja are so similar in references and kenning that it is a high probability that these goddesses and one and the same (reference: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nS8D7l5bFME).
In Jackson Crawford’s YouTube video on Frigga, he explains that Snorri Sturluson’s “Prose Edda” version of the mythology modified in many places to fit Snorri’s Christian beliefs from those days. Jackson further explains that Snorri wanted an even number of gods and goddess, twelve of each to be exact. Snorri Sturluson used the kenning of Frigga to pad his list of goddesses for some unknown reason. Frigga/Freyja became two separate goddesses.
It seems that Snorri also took aspects of Frigga and possibly converted these into hand maidens. Or maybe they could be different disguises of Frigga. I do not know at this point.
- Fulla – Associated with “Abundance”
- Gna – Associated with “Messenger”
- Lofn – Associated with “Permission”
- Syn – Associated with “Boundaries”
- Var – Associated with “Oathkeeper”
- Snotra – Associated with “Courtesy”
- Gefjon – Associated with “Giver”
- Saga – Associated with “Historian”
- Sjofn – Associated with “Affection”
- Hlin – Associated with “Refuge”
- Vor – Associated with “Seeress”
- Eir – Associated with “Healer”
- Huldra – Associated with “Herder”
Jackson Crawford also believes from his research that Freyja’s husband, Odr, is most likely an alternate name for Odin.
- Odin = Odr
- Frigga = Freyja
The author Daniel McCoy agrees with what Jackson Crawford’s assessment in his writings. (reference: “The Viking Spirit: An Introduction to the Norse Mythology and Religion” by Daniel McCoy, published June 2006).
In the time of the old Germanic tribes Frigga was the most popular of the gods and goddesses. She was the most widely worshipped.
Similarities Between Frigga and Freyja
- Both practiced the magic art of seeing into the future, known as Seidr magic. In Frigga’s case, she never revealed any of her visions.
- Both have stories about having an extreme obsession for gold. Note: In the Norse mythology gold was red in color.
- Both have stories about owning a golden necklace. Freyja’s was called “Brisingamen” which held the power to make the wearer irresistible (some type of charm magic).
- Both would sit and cry when their husbands left to wander Midgard. It was said they cried tears of red gold. Note: their husband’s where Odin and Odr.
- Both have stories about owning feathered cloaks which could transform the wearer into hawks. The cloaks also gave the wearer the ability to fly. There is stories in the mythology of Loki borrowing the cloak to perform a task.
- Both had magical boars which they road in the myths. Frigga owned Hildisvini (Battle Swine), Freyja owned the boar created by the Svartalfar (Dwarves) named Gullinbursti (Golden Bristles). These could be the same boar called by different names in the stories.
- Both have stories where they slept with Odin’s brothers Vili and Ve.
- Both had children with Odin/Odr:
- Hodr (who will avenge Odin’s death at Ragnarok).
- Both are fertility goddesses (Freyja’s character is a bit more free with her love making).
Other Aspects of Frigga/Freyja
1. In old Norse the root words for the two goddesses are:
- Frigg (Frigga) = Love
- Freyja = Noble Lady
Is “Noble Lady” just a kenning for Frigga? Another possible link that binds the two goddess together.
2. Frigga has a hall in Asgard named Fensalir (Marsh Hall). Freyja has a hall/field called Folksvanger (Army Plain). This is very similar to Odin’s hall of Valhalla where the dead warriors train for Ragnarok. Could Folksvanger be just a kenning for Valhalla?
3. Frigga has somewhat of a mysterious family background. She is most likely from the Vanir tribe of gods. Freyja is confirmed as being a member of the Vanir tribe and was part of the hostage exchange during the Aesir and Vanir War. Is this another link that binds these goddess together as one entity.
4. Freyja as also referred to as Vanadis, which may be a kenning for Valkyries. The “Vana” in the work represents Vanir (the tribe). The “dis” in Vanadis in old Norse is a term for lower, lower god, or demigod. In the Norse myths Freyja collects half of the dead and keeps them at Folksvanger. Odin takes the other half to Valhalla. It doesn’t specify what it means by Freyja taking half of the dead. Freyja may just have been a leader of the Valkyries and took half of the dead off the battlefield to Asgard while the other valkyrie transported the other half. Jackson Crawford seems to think that Snorri Sturluson may have made more of these stories that there was originally intended.
5. Frigga is also the root source for the day Friday (Frigg’s Day).
McCoy, D. (2006). The Viking Spirit: An Introduction to the Norse Mythology and Religion. Scotts Valley, CA: CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform.
Crawford, J. [Jackson Crawford]. (2017, July 26). Frigg and Freyja [Video file]. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6nyGCbxD848